N.B.: 1) Attempt any Four Questions
2) All questions carry equal marks.
COOKING LPG LTD
DETERMINATION OF WORKING CAPTIAL
Cooking LPG Ltd, Gurgaon, is a private sector firm dealing in the bottling and supply of domestic LPG for household consumption since 1995. The firm has a network of distributors in the districts of Gurgaon and Faridabad. The bottling plant of the firm is located on National Highway – 8 (New Delhi – Jaipur), approx. 12 kms from Gurgaon. The firm has been consistently performing we.” and plans to expand its market to include the whole National Capital Region.
The production process of the plant consists of receipt of the bulk LPG through tank trucks, storage in tanks, bottling operations and distribution to dealers. During the bottling process, the cylinders are subjected to pressurized filling of LPG followed by quality control and safety checks such as weight, leakage and other defects. The cylinders passing through this process are sealed and dispatched to dealers through trucks. The supply and distribution section of the plant prepares the invoice which goes along with the truck to the distributor.
Statement of the Problem :
Mr. I. M. Smart, DGM(Finance) of the company, was analyzing the financial performance of the company during the current year. The various profitability ratios and parameters of the company indicated a very satisfactory performance. Still, Mr. Smart was not fully content-specially with the management of the working capital by the company. He could recall that during the past year, in spite of stable demand pattern, they had to, time and again, resort to bank overdrafts due to non-availability of cash for making various payments. He is aware that such aberrations in the finances have a cost and adversely affects the performance of the company. However, he was unable to pinpoint the cause of the problem.
He discussed the problem with Mr. U.R…….
• 10 per cent. However, during other months the power consumption remains the same as the decrease owing to reduced production is offset by increased consumption on account of compressors /Acs.
• Additional amount of Rs. 3 lakh is kept as cash balance to meet exigencies during winter.
• No change in time schedules for any payables / receivables.
• The storage of finished goods inventory is restricted to a maximum 5,000 cylinders due to statutory requirements.
M/S HI-TECH ELECTRONICS
M/s. Hi – tech Electronics, a consumer electronics outlet, was opened two years ago in Dwarka, New Delhi. Hard work and personal attention shown by the proprietor, Mr. Sony, has brought success. However, because of insufficient funds to finance credit sales, the outlet accepted only cash and bank credit cards. Mr. Sony is now considering a new policy of offering installment sales on terms of 25 per cent down payment and 25 per cent per month for three months as well as continuing to accept cash and bank……
– off basis. The proprietor feels that the new policy will lead to bad debts of 1 per cent.
(a) As a financial consultant, advise the proprietor whether he should go for the extension of credit facilities.
(b) Also prepare cash budget for one year of operation of the firm, ignoring interest. The minimum desired cash balance & Rs. 30,000, which is also the amount the firm has on January 1. Borrowings are possible which are made at the beginning of a month and repaid at the end when cash is available.
SMOOTHDRIVE TYRE LTD
Smoothdrive Tyre Ltd manufacturers tyres under the brand name “Super Tread’ for the domestic car market. It is presently using 7 machines acquired 3 years ago at a cost of Rs. 15 lakh each having a useful life of 7 years, with no salvage value.
After extensive research and development, Smoothdrive Tyre Ltd has recently developed a new tyre, the ‘Hyper Tread’ and must decide whether to make the investments necessary to produce and market the Hyper Tread. ……
debt will be a tax-deductible expenses.
As a finance analyst, prepare a report for submission to the CFO and the Board of Directors, explaining to them the feasibility of the new investment.
COMPUTATION OF COST OF CAPITAL OF PALCO LTD
In October 2003, Neha Kapoor, a recent MBA graduate and newly appointed assistant to the Financial Controller of Palco Ltd, was given a list of six new investment projects proposed for the following year. It was her job to analyse these projects and to present her findings before the Board of Directors at its annual …..
of these sources of funds to determine its cost of capital. In discussion with the current Financial Controller, the point was raised that while this served as an appropriate calculation for external funds, it did not take into account the cost of internally generated funds. The Financial Controller agreed that there should be some cost associated with retained earnings and need to be incorporated in the calculations but didn’t have any clue as to what should be the cost.
Palco Ltd is subjected to the corporate tax rate of 40 per cent.
From the facts outlined above, what report would Neha submit to the Board of Directors of palco Ltd ?
ARQ Ltd is an Indian company based in Greater Noida, which manufactures packaging materials for food items. The company maintains a present fleet of five fiat cars and two Contessa Classic cars for its chairman, general manager and five senior managers. The book value of the seven cars is Rs. 20,00,000 and …..
the PC, mobioe phone and so on.
The company’s effective tax rate is 40 per cent and its cost of capital is 15 per cent.
Analyse the financial viability of the two options. Which option would you recommend ? Why ?